Valve Gate HD C/Cuadro extremos lisos Ø8" (200mm) B62 ANSI 125 Steel Gate Valve
A gate valve can be defined as a type of valve that used a gate or wedge type disk and the disk moves perpendicular to flow to start or stop the fluid flow in piping.
A gate valve is the most common type of valve used in any process plant. It is a linear motion valve used to start or stop fluid flow. In service, these valves are either in a fully open or fully closed position.
When the gate valve is fully open, the disk of a gate valve is completely removed from the flow. Therefore virtually no resistance to flow. Due to this very little pressure drops when fluid passes through a gate valve.
To achieve proper sealing, when the valve is fully closed, 360° surface contact is required between disk and seats.
Gate valves should not be used for regulation or throttling of flow because accurate control is not possible. The high velocity of the flow in the partially open valve may cause erosion of the disc and seating surfaces and also creates vibration and noise.
|Part No.||Part||Standard Specification||Options|
|1||Valve Body||ASTM A536, 65-45-12|
|2||Resilient Wedge Disc||AISI 304, AISI 316, AISI 420,AISI 431|
|10||Stem Nut||Bronze ZQSn5-5-5|
|13||Carbon Steel Zinc Plated|
Here you can see the main parts of the gate valve. The disk of a gate valve is also known as a wedge. To learn about each of these parts read complete guide of valve parts.
There are three ways to classify the gate valve.
Solid wedge is the most common & widely used disk type because of its simplicity and strength. A valve with a solid wedge may be installed in any position, and it is suitable for almost all fluids. It can be used in turbulent flow also.
However, it does not compensate for changes in seat alignment due to pipe loads or thermal expansion. So, this type of disk design is most susceptible to leakage. Solid wedge is subjected to thermal locking if used in high-temperature service.
Thermal locking is a phenomenon in which wedge is stuck between the seats due to the expansion of the metal. Solid-wedge gate valves are generally used in moderate to lower pressure-temperature applications.
The flexible wedge is a one-piece solid disk with a cut around the perimeter. These cuts vary in size, shape, and depth. A shallow, narrow cut on wedge perimeter gives less flexibility but retains strength. A cast-in recess or deeper and wider cut on wedge perimeter gives more flexibility but compromises the strength.
This design improves seat alignment and offers better leak tightness. It also improved performance in situations where thermal binding possible. Flexible wedges Gate valves are used in steam systems.
Thermal expansion of the steam line sometime causes distortion of valve bodies which may lead to thermal blinding. The flexible gate allows the gate to flex as the valve seat compresses due to thermal expansion of the steam pipeline and prevents thermal blinding.
The disadvantage of flexible gates is that line fluid tends to collect in the disk. These may result in corrosion and ultimately weaken the disk.
1st is screwed bonnet: This is the simplest design available and it is used for inexpensive valves.
2nd is bolted-bonnet: This is the most popular design and used in a large number of gate valves. This requires a gasket to seal the joint between the body and bonnet.
3rd is Welded-Bonnet: This is a popular design where disassembly is not required. They are lighter in weight than their bolted-bonnet counterparts.
4th one is Pressure-Seal Bonnet: This type is used extensively for high-pressure high-temperature applications. The higher the body cavity pressure, the greater the force on the gasket in a pressure -seal valve.
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