SS316 1/8''-2''Female 6000PSI High Pressure Gas Oil Steel Needle Valve
A needle valve is a manual valve that used where continuous throttling of flow is required for regulation. Needle valves are similar to the globe valve in design with the biggest difference is the sharp needle-like disk.
Needle valves are designed to give very accurate control of flow in small diameter piping systems. They get there name from there sharp-pointed conical disc and matching seat.
A needle valve is a type of valve with a small port and a threaded, needle-shaped plunger. It allows precise regulation of flow, although it is generally only capable of relatively low flow rates.
Available in stainless steel, carbon steel, brass and alloy 400 materials. Features of High Pressure Needle Valve (F x M) include :
1) One piece Sturdy Construction increases it's pressure and temperature capacity. Increases life of the Needle Valve.
2) Panel Mounting Arrangement allows ease in mounting and minimizes vibration
3) Common Sizes like 1/4″ 3/8″ and 1/2″ is available in stock. Common connection thread is NPT.
4) MTC With trace-ability and Hydro test Certificate issued
Needle Valve Work:
Needle valves open and close an orifice with a tapered end that raises and lowers with the spin of a handle. Figure 2 shows a needle valve cross sectional view, design, and components. The handle (A) is connected to the plunger, also called a stem (F). When you turn the handle, the plunger moves up or down based on the threads (C). The locking nut (B) prevents it from fully unscrewing. As the plunger moves down, the tapered pointed end (I) comes into contact with the valve seat to fully seal the orifice (H). Often, the valve seat is also tapered. There are various options and sizes available to connect it to a pipe or hose through the port connection (G) on the input and output. The bonnet (D) is connected to the valve housing (E), which can be made out of different materials like brass or stainless steel.
Based on the threads, you can very precisely locate the plunger’s tapered end away from the valve seat to accurately control the flow rate. Therefore, by varying the plunger location you will control the flow rate between maximum and zero.
Different types of needle valves:
A manually operated threaded needle valve (described above) is the most common type of needle valve. However, two additional variants are: motorized and angle.
Motorized Needle Valve: These needle valves don’t have a handle for manual operation, but instead use an electric or pneumatic actuator to connect to and turn the plunger. These can be remotely controlled, used in a closed loop system, and/or put on a timer to accurately control the flow rate remotely.
Angle Needle Valve: These needle valves turn the output from the inlet by 90 degrees instead of in-line. The same operation concept applies, but the 90-degree angle can allow for better system integration. Figure 3 shows an example of an angle needle valve.
Needle valve selection:
When selecting a needle valve, four main characteristics and/or application requirements need to be taken into account: material, pressure, size, and temperature.
The needle valve's housing material (Figure 2 callout E) is specified according to the application. The most common valve housing materials are brass and stainless steel due to their range of chemical resistance, however, there are also other materials available for special applications.
Needle Valve Applications:
Most constant pressure pump governors have needle valves to minimize the effects of fluctuations in pump discharge pressure. Needle valves are also used in some components of automatic combustion control systems where very precise flow regulation is necessary.
Needle Valve Body Designs
One type of body design for a needle valve is the bar stock body. Bar stock bodies are common, and, in globe types, a ball swiveling in the stem provides the necessary rotation for seating without damage.
Needle valves are frequently used as metering valves. Metering valves are used for extremely fine flow control. The thin disk or orifice allows for linear flow characteristics. Therefore, the number of handwheel turns can be directly correlated to the amount of flow. A typical metering valve has a stem with 40 threads per inch.
Needle valves generally use one of two styles of stem packing: an O-ring with TFE backing rings or a TFE packing cylinder. Needle valves are often equipped with replaceable seats for ease of maintenance.