1"SS316 Flow Control Handle Valves Stainless Steel Needle Valve
A needle valve is a type of valve with a small port and a threaded, needle-shaped plunger. It allows precise regulation of flow, although it is generally only capable of relatively low flow rates.
Needle Valve Work:
Needle valves open and close an orifice with a tapered end that raises and lowers with the spin of a handle. Figure 2 shows a needle valve cross sectional view, design, and components. The handle (A) is connected to the plunger, also called a stem (F). When you turn the handle, the plunger moves up or down based on the threads (C). The locking nut (B) prevents it from fully unscrewing. As the plunger moves down, the tapered pointed end (I) comes into contact with the valve seat to fully seal the orifice (H). Often, the valve seat is also tapered. There are various options and sizes available to connect it to a pipe or hose through the port connection (G) on the input and output. The bonnet (D) is connected to the valve housing (E), which can be made out of different materials like brass or stainless steel.
Based on the threads, you can very precisely locate the plunger’s tapered end away from the valve seat to accurately control the flow rate. Therefore, by varying the plunger location you will control the flow rate between maximum and zero.
A manually operated threaded needle valve (described above) is the most common type of needle valve. However, two additional variants are: motorized and angle.
Needle valve selection:
When selecting a needle valve, four main characteristics and/or application requirements need to be taken into account: material, pressure, size, and temperature.
The needle valve's housing material (Figure 2 callout E) is specified according to the application. The most common valve housing materials are brass and stainless steel due to their range of chemical resistance, however, there are also other materials available for special applications.
Needle Valve Applications:
Needle Valve Body Designs
One type of body design for a needle valve is the bar stock body. Bar stock bodies are common, and, in globe types, a ball swiveling in the stem provides the necessary rotation for seating without damage.
Needle valves are frequently used as metering valves. Metering valves are used for extremely fine flow control. The thin disk or orifice allows for linear flow characteristics. Therefore, the number of handwheel turns can be directly correlated to the amount of flow. A typical metering valve has a stem with 40 threads per inch.
Needle valves generally use one of two styles of stem packing: an O-ring with TFE backing rings or a TFE packing cylinder. Needle valves are often equipped with replaceable seats for ease of maintenance.
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